What are stem cells or earliest type of cell?
Stem cells are cells that people have in their bodies. Usually there are only a few stem cells and are released more when body wants to be cured. Stem cells can be developed to be several cells in body, such as muscle cells, bone cells, cartilage cells and heart muscle cells, etc.
Every day, human body has inflammation and deterioration. Stem cells will do the duty of repair of such deterioration. Stem cells have natural mechanism as stem cells run to the spot that needs repair, for example, when body has inflammation or wound, stem cells will run to repair such spot automatically.
If our body can produce a lot of stem cells, then we will be old slowly; we will hardly be sick and when we are sick, we will recover quickly, because body can repair itself well, but when we are older, our body can produce stem cells less, so when we are sick, opportunity to recover will be difficult.
Presently, stem cells are arranged to be biological products. In the future, stem cells will be arranged to be in the group of advance therapy medicinal products (ATMP). Stem cells and ATMP of almost all types are in injection medicine, to be brought into body through injection into blood vessel. Therefore, in every step of production of stem cells or ATMP both for personalized medicine, or for production to be medicine, there should be control strictly. The important thing, the producer must have a license for culturing stem cells from Office of Food and Drug Administration, for safety of users (presently SCL is the only one producer having such license). Production or culturing in order to increase quantity of stem cells without any license is in the scope of production of counterfeit medicine, or illegal medicine having severe penalty both producer and physicians who use such medicine.
Types of stem cells
Stem cells are divided into two types, Hematopoictic Stem Cells (HSCs)and Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs).
HSCs – blood of umbilical cord –
If it is used with the child who is the owner of umbilical cord, when using, there shall be checking of compatibility of giver and receiver. Generally opportunity to find stem cells which are compatible is 1 in 50,000-100,000.If they are siblings, opportunity to find stem cells which are compatible will be up to 1 in 4.
MSCs – tissue of umbilical cord –
placenta, placenta membrane; it can be used without checking of compatibility of giver and receiver.
Indications treated by mesenchymal stem cell and Hematopoietic Stem Cell trials and publications.
Howwill using of stem cells help to protect and
- Stem cells help stimulate to build new blood vessels.
- Stem cells can divide themselves to increase number and change themselves to be cells working specifically.
- Stem cells help inhibit process of making too much cell membrane.
- Stem cells help prevent death of cells in case there is assistance working of immunity system.
- Stem cells help inhibit too much working of B cells and T cells, to make balance of immunity system.
- Stem cells help making of T cells to be able to remember more.
- Stem cells inhibit Dendritic Cells which promote making of too much PGE2 Protein.
Diseases found in most people and trend of
using MSCs to cure sickness
- Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
- Cartilage Injury
- Spinal Cord Injury
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Type 1 diabetes mellitus
Stem cells are gift from baby, to take care of health to father, mother and everybody of the family, including the child. Keeping of stem cells is the security of health in the future to the family.
Keeping of stem cells shall be made with a company having license to culture and keep stem cells permitted by Food and Drug Administration, for safety and correctness. The cells will have high quality and are cultured with correct methods, the cells have standard of injection medicine, it can be used actually in the future.